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CyberCar - devices alert the driver of the freight forwarder or the arrow on the status of the eSeal

   Requirements of international organizations (transport unions, insurance and reinsurance companies) to ensure the safety of traffic is constantly increasing along with the level of crime on the highways, which directly impacts the total cost of transport services.

   FreightWatch International, in its report "European Cargo Crime Threat Assessment (ETA) 2014/2015" notes that Russia takes the 4th place in Europe in terms of the level of vehicle crime, behind only France, Italy and Germany (Fig. 1). According to the report, in 2015 is expected to increase the transport of crimes in Europe, and especially in Russia, associated with the expected reduction in the number of fixed positions of the police and with the worsening economic situation in our country, associated with the introduction of economic sanctions by the EU and the stop of the industry in the Donbass. The only condition for increasing the level of protection of goods, according to FreightWatch International, can be automation in the field of protection, inspection and maintenance of their transportation, using GLONASS/GPS/GSM system.

Fig. 1. High-risk areas of the occurrences of crime in road transport.

   American Association for the protection of goods - The Transported Asset Protection Association (TAPA) in their requirements to ensure safety in the road transport 2014 TAPA TSR2014 define 3 levels of security locking and sealing devices and tracking systems:

Level I, the lowest.

  1. High quality stainless steel security locking devices such as built-in locks OR mobile heavy weight locking devices with integral locks fixed to all truck/trailer doors (no chains, cables, light-weight bars, removable bolts, etc.) and utilized during the entire journey. Locks can be electronically or manually operated, must be unique and must be designed to resist defeat for not less than ten minutes with hand tools.

  2. Only hard sided trailers utilized.

  3. Tamper evident security seals for FTL (full truckload and indicates that the cargo is dedicated for one Buyer) electronic or manual that meet the ISO 17712 standard.

  4. Two way communication system present during entire journey. 

  5. Two way communication system monitored 24/7 by carrier's office or 3rd party monitoring centre.

  6. Carrier must have detailed and documented protocol in place to track trailers and tractors, both tethered and as separate vehicles, including 24/7 monitoring, the ability to geofence routes and parking locations and documented response protocols for handling emergencies.

  7. Carrier must have detailed and documented protocol in place to check, prior to departure, the function and battery life of all tracking devices to be utilized.

  8. A tracking device must be installed in a covert location in the tractor and, where available, must be capable of utilizing at least two methods of signalling such as 3G, or SMS/GPRS using GSM or CDMA and must be equipped with at least one covert antenna.

  9. A tracking device must be installed in a covert location in the trailer and, where available, must be capable of utilizing at least two methods of signalling such as 3G, or SMS/GPRS using GSM or CDMA and must be equipped with at least one covert antenna.

  10. Monitoring centre must be able to control, over the air, the "reporting" rate for devices in both tractor and trailer.

  11. Standard "reporting rate" for tracking units in both the tractor and the trailer must be not less than one report every five minutes.  (Note:  If the tractor and trailer are tethered and an effective untethered alert system is in place, only one of the units must meet this "reporting" rate standard.).

  12. The tracking devices in the trailer and the tractor must report events to include untethering (unhooking) of the trailer, device tampering, truck stoppage, tracker battery status and trailer door opening.       

  13. The trailer and tractor tracking devices must be equipped with a battery back-up capable of maintaining the signalling capacity of the tracker for not less than 24 hours at a "reporting" rate of not less than one "reporting" every five minutes while the trailer is untethered.

  14. Satellite navigation system installed (route planner) recognizing detours, traffic jams, etc. to avoid unnecessary stops or delays. Carrier's dispatch must confirm all route changes.

  15. Manually activated silent alarm (panic button) present in reach of driver and able to send signal to the LSP's home base or third party monitoring centre.

  16. Procedures in place, tested and reviewed at least every six months, for responses to activation of silent alarm by driver.

  17. Unauthorized opening of trailer doors sends signal to monitoring centre.

  18. Procedures in place, tested and reviewed at least every six months, for responses to activation of alarm signal indicating unauthorized opening of trailer doors.

  19. The tracking system must alert if the tracking device fails or GPS signal is lost.

  20. Procedures in place, tested and reviewed at least every six months, for responses to failure of tracking device.

  21. Coverage maps of the tracking technology to be utilized must be validated at least every six months to avoid or minimize travel through known "black spots. 

  22. Coverage maps to be consulted and documented as part of route planning risk assessment.

  23. Route planners must develop responses to events which occur within "black spots.

II level, average. Differs from from level I, the fact that the locks should be coded and the code must be unique (i.e. not enough to apply mechanical seals). When damage to sealing devices of the vehicle shall be immobilized. A tracking device should provide the possibility of the formation documents with overlay them on the map of all movements of the truck, including the moments of the robbery. A report from the tracker to the dispatch center must be received no less than 1 time in 30 minutes.

Level III, high. Differs from level II by the fact that the mechanical seals must be linked through a radio channel with the server unified logistics center (i.e., they must be electronic or stand from mechanical seals with electronic attachments of integrity monitoring). All archival information tracking system should be located on the server dispatch center to ensure its safety during the destruction of trackers.

Recommendations TAPA and FreightWatch International as fundamental for reinsurance and insurance companies, which directly affects the market of sealing devices and systems of transport security.

To implement the recommendations TAPA TSR2014 necessary that the electronic locking and sealing device could transmit data about the integrity of the driver, trackers and tracker through the tractor to the control center. To implement these capabilities by the Board of Directors of the SPA "Transport Cybernetics" decided to develop a local cybernetic system of control of the integrity of electronic seals - CyberCar. In addition to automotive applications when combining CyberCar with terminal satellite communications system Gonets we get a universal system to provide shooters of the paramilitary and motor carriers complex which provides automatic control of the integrity of electronic seals in places not equipped for cellular communication, which will reduce insurance rates for carriers in the Russian Federation.